Facts about Nigeria

Quick facts


  • Niger River is the longest and largest river in West Africa which is where Nigeria derives her name from as Niger River goes through Nigeria
  • Evidence from archaeological discoveries has shown that there was a history of human existence in Nigeria which has been dated as far back as 9000 BC
  • Home of Nollywood, one of the world’s largest movie producers
  • They drive on the right side of the road
  • Nigeria is one of the largest producers of crude oil
Africa Nigeria - Land of Hope

Sociocultural facts

Nigeria’s large geographical area has a population range of 200 people per square kilometers if all the land would be in use. Compared to 1961 with 51 people per square kilometer. Due to the large geographic area and the population density in the past, there are many tribes in Nigeria however the largest ones are Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba people. Even though the official language of Nigeria is English many people aren’t bilingual, meaning they only speak their tribe language or Nigerian Pidgin. There are 515 languages known in Nigeria where 505 are used daily.

The Nigerian population is increasing drastically with an increase of 59,325,239 from 2000 to 2015. Unesco estimated back in 2010 that 8,735,046 children of primary school age, of both genders were out of school. There are no statistics since, but this can indicate that with the rapid population growth even more children are missing out on education.

befolkningstilvaekst nigeria
Increase in population from 2000 to 2015
børn i skole nigeria
Children out of school - estimated by Unesco 2010

Geographical and environmental facts

The Nigerian people rely heavily on the natural resources that are within their geographic area as many are farmers, fishermen or salesmen, buying resources and selling it in the cities.

Half of the Nigerian people are living without consistent electricity. In 2013, the government sold the power stations to the private sector in hope to thrive a better access to electricity for the Nigerian people. The thought was good but as the power plants and distribution channels were bought the new owners found out the equipment was old and the gas supply to keep the plants running was insufficient. To reach the rural areas of Nigeria the government is collaborating with foreign investors to provide electricity from renewable energy. The kits that can be purchased are personal solar kit, a hair-care Kit for hair salons and a primary health care kit.

The Connected for growth programme is a big focus on providing internet to the people and a national broadband plan to come in place. Their intention is to provide “wireless broadband coverage to 80% of the population, fixed broadband to 10% of the population by 2018”.

The supply of clean water in Nigeria is very poor and back in 2014 the World Bank supported IDA with $250 million to support the Nigerian government in their efforts to renovate their run down water facilities. This was also an effort to reach out to the rural areas of Nigeria. Today we can still see that 57 million people are still living in poor conditions with no access to safe water. Because of this atrocity 45000 children die yearly. The government is still working on projects to improve the sanitation of water to enhance the wellbeing of their population.

Percentage with WIFI in 2018

Percentage with broadband in 2018